An annotated chronology of books, films, websites, research etc. relating human diet and lifestyle to human evolution

This is an incomplete but developing list of sources, compiled itself as a source for the history of applied human evolution. Please help by contributing additions. The list was established in April 2009, so there is a lot of work to do to catch up on the past. The blossoming that began around 2008 (not unrelated to the uncertainty and insecurity of the economic crisis) has stimulated this project.

November 1935 - Vilhjalmur Stefansson's article Adventures in Diet published in The Atlantic magazine

1939 - Weston Price's Nutrition and Physical Degeneration published. Updated edition published 2008

1973 - Stephen Boyden's Evolution and Health published in The Ecologist

1975 - The Stone Age Diet self-published in the US by Walter L Voegtlin

January 1985 - "Paleolithic Nutrition. A consideration of its nature and current implications" by SB Eaton and M Konner published in the New England Journal of Medicine

1996 - Ward Nicholson establishes the Beyond Vegetarianism website

January 1997 - established by Don Wiss

March 1997 - The Paleodiet list established by Dean Esmay and Donn Wiss

April 1997 - The Evolutionary Fitness discussion list established. Art DeVany is its anchor, Tamir Katz a regular participant. The list faded in 2000 after Art DeVany left

April 1997 - Jack Challem published the article "Paleolithic Nutrition: Your Future Is In Your Dietary Past"

May 1997 - The Paleofood list established by Dean Esmay, Grant Magnusson and Don Wiss

1998 - S Boyd Eaton's The Paleolithic Prescription published

1999 - Ray Audette's Neanderthin published

28 November 2001 - This website established

7 December 2001 - Loren Cordain's The Paleo Diet published

7 July 2002 - Gary Taubes' NYT article What if it's All Been a Big Fat Lie published

2003 - Frank Forencich's Play As If Your Life Depends on It published

2003 - Tamir Katz's TBK Fitness Program published

24 April - Wikipedia's page on Palaeolithic diet established

2004 - ECCO, the Evolution, Complexity and COgnition group, directed by Francis Heylighen, established at Vrije Universiteit in Brussels. In June 2010, Heylighen published "Evolutionary Well-Being: the paleolithic model" covering much of the ground lain out on our page on the Evolutionary Health Principle

2005 - Art DeVany establishes a blog

23 August 2006 - Frank Forencich's Exuberant Animal published

2007 - Gary Taubes' Good Calories Bad Calories published. In Britain published as The Diet Delusion

May 2008 - Art DeVany's Las Vegas seminar. Richard Nikoley among attendees

August 2008 - Richard Nikoley transforms his political blog into Free The Animal

4 April 2009 - Richard Nikoley announces his intention to expand his Free the Animal blog into a business

May 2009 - Palaeo cooking becomes - like so many other businesses - a way to make money over a way to improve health. The Paleo Cookbooks are rushed to market as e-books with attractive pictures, some ingredients that the author specifies as non-palaeo and with endorsements by the same person - "Kara" - who endorsed their other visually-appealing but uniformative book.

August 2009 - Mark Sisson publishes The Primal Blueprint. Keen followers of Art DeVany's blog establish meet-up groups in London and New York. Art DeVany announces 'The New Evolution Diet'.

4 December 2009 - Art DeVany moves to his third website. His book is scheduled for publication in April 2011 in the UK and is available for pre-order through

December 2009 - Toban Wiebe establishes the Paleo-libertarian discussion list on Google [1]

8 January 2010 - New York Times features the palaeo lifestyle in its 'fashion' pages exemplifying the superficial and compromised approach to palaeo currently found in the 'quality' media in the US [2]

26 February 2010 - a mass-audience review of the palaeo movement appeared in McLean's (Canada). Confined to ideas on diet and exercise proposed by individuals in the US and selected by a journalist [2], otherwise comprehensive and sound

2 February 2010 - Food and Western Disease by Staffan Lindeberg published

28 February 2010 - this site featured on the Conditioning Research blog (based in the UK)

March 2010 - Patrik (California) founds Paleohacks to help people (newcomers especially) find their feet in the palaeo lifestyle through questions and answers

4 March 2010 - Paleolithic lifestyle page established on Wikipedia

3 May 2010 - Art DeVany announces that The New Evolution Diet will be published in the US on 21 December 2010

22 June 2010 - Francis Heylighen of ECCO publishes "Evolutionary Well-Being: the paleolithic model".

Acknowledgements: Todd Moody, Art DeVany's blog, contributions on pre-2000 milestones from Don Wiss, Amby Burfoot


1. I, through this Evfit site, draw a quite different - but still tentative and developing - conclusion. My political/ethical position is, so far as I can gather, unique. Perhaps it is best described as informed by Darwin, Goethe, James Lovelock, Pentti Linkola, Kirkpatrick Sale's After Eden, Jay Hanson, Thomas Malthus, Stephen Boyden, Keith Farnish, Derrick Jensen, John Gray, Jerry Mander and many others. All of these have enhanced my understanding of the human place in nature (and thus the individual's place in society), but I do not accept any of them uncritically as my guru. I reject political or ethical perspectives that assume the adoption of their principles or programs will lead to a significant long-term improvement in the human situation, human well-being etc.

2. For example, setting the scene with the term 'caveman'

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Page updated 27 May 2011